When are goods or technology dual-use?
Dual-use items or technologies are those that are used for civilian purposes and are not intended for military use, but could potentially have a military application, or be used for the manufacturing of military items.
If you are not sure whether your goods or technology is controlled, you should identify similar or comparable goods to yours from the lists of controlled products.
For the correct classification of your goods, it is necessary to pay attention to the following elements:
- The characteristics and properties of the goods you will export;
- The final destination of the goods;
- The end use of the goods;
It should be noted that when the starting destination and the final destination of dual-use goods are within the EU, there is a transfer of the goods, and when their final destination is a third country, the general case is that it is an export of dual-use goods.
“Transfer” means any handover or movement of defense-related products and dual-use goods or technical assistance from and to the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria, without leaving the customs territory of the Community, from a supplier to a consignee in another Member State.
Why control dual-use goods and technologies activity?
The main objectives of the control of dual-use goods and technologies internationally are compliance with international agreements, including sanctions and restrictions imposed by the United Nations Security Council, the European Union and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, security and stability, the prevention of the use of weapons by terrorist and criminal groups and the prevention of the illegitimate distribution of dual-use goods and technologies.